When it comes to learning a foreign language, there are a variety of ways of doing so. Some recommend forming a habit of using the second language until one becomes proficient in it, while there are others who recommend going into the natives and learning language with exposure. Nonetheless, there is no single definite way of learning a foreign language.
Although there is no single way of learning language, however, there are different stages, which if placed in the best order can lead to greater learning. For a language like Urdu, it is imperative that a student goes through the right stages at the right time for best results. The lines below discuss the right stages of language learning that an Urdu learner must keep in mind.
The first stage of language learning that must be employed in Urdu learning is knowing and understanding the correct pronunciation of Urdu language. In this regard, a learner needs to start with the Urdu alphabets and see the kind of pronunciation every alphabet has and how these alphabets are pronounced when combined with other alphabets and under different situations. Therefore, for an Urdu learner it is of grave importance to learn the pronunciation of Urdu alphabets in the first learning phase. Once the learner has understood and recognized the true pronunciation of the words, only then will the learning process start and he or she will be able to comprehend the language.
Grammar And Vocabulary:
The second phase of Urdu learning is where the learner must work on knowing and understanding the grammar and vocabulary of Urdu. After pronunciation, the second thing that a learner needs to progress further in language is the vocabulary of the language and in order to use the vocabulary a learner needs to have an understanding of the grammar of Urdu as well. Therefore, the learner must not think that after learning the pronunciation he or she can move on to learning Urdu grammar, as it would be ineffective and the learner would have no idea about the words that need to be adjusted in the sentences to learn grammar. Thus, in the second stage, the learner must first work on increasing the vocabulary of Urdu and then learn about its grammar for better learning.
Practicing the Three Independent Skills:
Once the learner has developed an understanding of the grammar and vocabulary of Urdu, the next thing to do is to polish the learning by working on the reading, writing and listening skills. When a learner listens to Urdu, he or she gets to know the right pronunciation of the words; hence the knowledge about pronunciation increases. Similarly, when the learner writes in Urdu or reads Urdu text, it ultimately helps improving the vocabulary as well as the grammatical command of the learner, hence, in the third stage of Urdu learning a learner must try polishing the independent learning skills like reading, writing and listening Urdu.
Once the learner has gained substantial command over Urdu language, then the learner must put into practice by speaking it. This stage is of grave importance as it represents the proficiency in language. In this regard, a learner can either speak Urdu with the natives or take online spoken Urdu classes to increase speaking proficiency.
In a nutshell, it is imperative that an Urdu learner follows the right processes and stages which support progression in learning.